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HOW DOES HERPES SPREAD?
Herpes is spread by multiple routes and all involve direct contact. The disease is not air-borne. Routes of transmission include, a kiss oral sex, vaginal or anal intercourse, or inadvertent contact with exudate.
Blisters,pustules or chancres need not be evident to, spread the disease, you may show no symptoms ,nor even suspect you have herpes, and this is very common, touching various parts of thr body after contacing an infected area will spread the infection.
STD DISEASES ARE OFTEN TRANSMITTED IN TANDEM, VIEW ALL OUR AT HOME STD TESTS
55 million people in North America have herpes and the Accu-Herpes I & II test detects even asymptomatic cases where the virus exists in a latent form in nervous tissue before turning symptomatic.
Early detection is important because anti-viral drugs are most effective in the early stages and untreated herpes doubles the risk for contracting HIV (AIDS).
Herpes may infect the oral cavity, skin, eyes, genital, and central nervous system. Once an individual has been infected, the virus remains in nerve cell tissue and may alternate between a latent (asymptomatic) presence and random flare-ups.
The social, physical, and emotional toll of Herpes can be devastating, but anti-viral drugs minimize symptoms and spread. You can lead a more normal life.
The painful symptoms often start with macules and pupules which develop into fluid-filled pustules and vesicles. The vesicles rupture forming crusty lesions or soft lesions on mucous membranes without crusting.
In women, ulcers may also occur at the introitus, labia, perianeum, or perianal areas.
In men, lesions develop in the penial shaft or glands.
In all cases, the virus tends to establish a latent but looming presence in nervous tissue.
HOW DOES THE HERPES VIRUS INVADE YOUR CELLS?
The genetic structure of Herpes Simplex I & II is very sophisticated. The Glycoproteins on the surface of the virus bind to receptors on the surface of the host cell. They will ultimately fuse forming an enveloping film, with a small pore opening through which the virus can enter the host cell. Once the virus enters the cells cytoplasm, it is implanted in the cell nucleus and ejects its DNA contents.
The sequence of events which follows allows the virus to evade the cells immune system and to use its proteins to in affect capture the replication process of the cell. Ultimately, the resultant activity will be viral replication and control of gene expression.
The initial infection will show the traditional symptoms blisters and inflammation on the skin or mucous membranes of the mouth, lips, or genitals. As the primary infection symptoms subside, HSV I & II will migrate to the ganglia of the nervous system during the latent infection periods. This in affect creates a reservoir of the virus. Recurrent outbreaks will be triggered by colds, influenza, emotional and physical stress or fatigue.
In some cases, the virus may gain access to the brain and the damage that results can be severe.